Bill Amend has 38 years of experience performing pipeline integrity management, failure analysis, metallurgical engineering, and welding engineering services. His background includes 26 years working for pipeline operators (Unocal and Southern California Gas Co.) before working for engineering services providers. His is a co-author of the ASME report CRTD Vol. 91 regarding use of field measurement of hardness to determine the lower bound yield strength of pipe and has managed various research projects for ASME, DNVGL and PRCI addressing the continued development and validation of methods for nondestructive determination of pipe properties. He currently divides his professional time between Principal Engineer at DNV GL and Senior Advisor for Training at Technical Toolboxes Inc.. He is a registered professional Metallurgical Engineer in California and graduated from California Polytechnic State University in San Luis Obispo (Cal Poly SLO) in 1979.